There are many causes for HF:
- Myocarditis, which is when the heart muscle becomes inflamed due to viral infection
- Coronary Artery Disease and Heart Attack
- Heart valve disease
- Congenital heart issues
- Arrhythmias (abnormal heart rhythms)
- Hypertension (high blood pressure)
It is estimated that around 111,000 in Australia have a form of Heart Failure, however it is the heart condition that is responsible for the 2nd most-related admissions.
Women in Australia have less hospitalisations than men for heart failure.
Heart failure is more prominent in Aboriginal and Torres-Strait Islander populations.
In the UK, women have a high incidence of HF than men, however in Australia men have a higher incidence than women.
Signs and Symptoms
You heart failure symptoms may depend on your type of heart failure.
These are some of the potential heart failure symptoms you may experience:
- Significant weight gain
- Difficulty concentrating
- Abdominal swelling
- Waking up at night to pass urine frequently
- Chest pain
- Decreased appetite
- Noticeable decrease in your tolerance of exercise
- Coughing and wheezing, at times with phlegm and blood
- Oedema (fluid build-up) in your legs, calves and feet
- Shortness of breath, even at rest
- Weakness and lethargy
Prevention and Support
Follow the links below to find out more about how you can help prevent and support loved ones who have experienced Heart Failure