Heart disease is the single biggest killer of women. Research shows that even when women are treated for heart disease, they have poorer outcomes and are statistically twice as likely to die in their first year after a heart attack than men.
Estrogen plays a major role in protecting women from heart disease, by keeping blood vessels flexible and improving the concentration of HDL (High-Density Lipoprotein), the ‘good’ cholesterol in the body. Women can have an increased risk when their hormones start to change. This can be seen during menopause when there is a drop in estrogen levels or if they have surgery to have their ovaries removed.