One person every five minutes develops diabetes, that is 280 Australians every day.
Poor control of blood glucose means a higher risk of developing diabetes complications. Adults with diabetes are 2-4 times more likely to have heart disease than adults without diabetes.
Diabetes in pregnancy is common, affecting about 1 in 20 pregnancies. Mothers with pre-existing diabetes are more likely to have delivery complications, hypertension and longer stay in hospital compared to mothers without having diabetes in pregnancy.
How do you know that you are at risk?
You can check your fasting blood/plasma glucose level to determine the levels of sugar you have in your body. Fasting means after not having anything to eat or drink (except water) for at least 8 hours before the test. This test is usually done first thing in the morning, before breakfast.
If you do not fast and want to check your blood glucose randomly, the level ≥200 mg/dl indicates risk of diabetes. If the blood glucose levels are higher than normal but not yet high enough to be diagnosed as diabetes, the condition is known as prediabetes.